2014年6月英语四级考试真题试卷附答案(完整版 第2套)
日期:2015-06-01 17:13



Part I Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the following question. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

Suppose a foreign friend of yours is coming to visit your compus, what is the most interesting place you would like to take him/her to see and why?




Part II Listening Comprehension (30 minutes)


Section A
  Directions:In this section,you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations.At the end of each conversation,one or more questions will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause.During the pause,you must read the four choices marked A),B),C)and D),and decide which is the best answer,Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

A)They came in five different colors.
B)They were good value for money.
C)They were a very good design.
D)They were sold out very quickly.
A)Ask her roommate not to speak loudly on the phone.
B)Ask her roommate to make her phone calls outside.
C)Go and find a quieter place to review her lessons.
D)Report her problem to the dorm management.
A)The washing machine is totally beyond repair.
B)He will help Wendy prepare her annual report.
C)Wendy should give priority to writing her report.
D)The washing machine should be checked annually.
A)The man fell down when removing the painting.
B)The wall will be decorated with a new painting.
C)The woman likes the painting on the wall.
D)The painting is now being reframed.
A)It must be missing.
B)It was left in the room.
C)The man took it to the market.
D)She placed it on the dressing table.
A)Go to a play.
B)Meet Janet.
C)Book some tickets.
D)Have a get-together.
A)One box of books is found missing.
B)Some of the boxes arrived too late.
C)C) Replacements have to be ordered.
D)Some of the books are damaged.
A) The man will pick up Professor Johnson at her office.
B) The man did not expect his paper to be graded so soon.
C) Professor Johnson has given the man a very high grade.
D) Professor Johnson will talk to each student in her office.

Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

A)To buy a present for his friend who is getting married.
B)To find out the cost for a complete set of cookware.
C)To see what he could ask his friends to buy for him.
D)To make inquiries about the price of an electric cooker.
A) To teach him how to use the kitchenware.
B) To discuss cooking experiences with him.
C) To tell him how to prepare delicious dishes.
D) To recommend suitable kitchenware to him.
A) There are so many different sorts of knives.
B) Cooking devices are such practical presents.
C) A mixer can save so much time in making cakes.
D) Saucepans and frying pans arc a must in the kitchen.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

A) Some now problems in her work.
B) Cooperation with an international bank.
C) Her chance for promotion in the bank.
D) Her intention to leave her present job.
A) The World Bank.
B) Bank of Washington.
C) A US finance corporation.
D) An investment bank in New York.
A) Supervising financial transactions.
B) Taking charge of public relations.
C) Making loans to private companies in developing countries.
D) Offering service to international companies in the United States.
A) It is a first major step to realizing the woman’s dream.
B) It is an honor for the woman and her present employer.
C) It is a loss for her current company.
D) It is really beyond his expectation.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Passage one

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.

A) Carry out a thorough checkup.
B) Try to keep the gas tank full.
C) Keep extra gas in reserve.
D) Fill up the water tank.
A)Attempting to leave your car to seek help.
B)Opening a window a hit to let in fresh air.
C) Running the engine every now and then.
D) Keeping the heater on for a long time.
A) It exhausts you physically.
B) It makes you fall asleep easily.
C) It causes you to lose body heat.
D) It consumes too much oxygen.

Passage Two
Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

A)They are very generous in giving gifts.
B)They refuse gifts when doing business.
C)They regard gifts as a token of friendship.
D)They give gifts only on special occasions.
A)They enjoy giving gifts to other people.
B)They spend a lot of time choosing gifts.
C)They have to follow many specific rules.
D)They pay attention to the quality of gifts.
A) Gift-giving plays an important role in human relationships.
B) We must be aware of cultural differences in giving gilts.
C) We must learn how to give gifts before going abroad.
D) Reading extensively makes one a better gift-giver.

Passage Three
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

A) It reflects American people’s view of French politics.
B) It is first published in Washington and then in Paris.
C) It explains American politics to the French public.
D) It is popular among French government officials.
A) Work on her column.
B) Do housework at home.
C) Entertain her guests.
D) Go shopping downtown.
A) To report to her newspaper.
B) To refresh her French.
C) To visit her parents.
D) To meet her friends.
A) She might be recalled to France.
B) She might change her profession.
C) She might close her Monday column.
D) She might be assigned to a new post.

Section C

  Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time,you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read for the second time,you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally,when the passage is read for the third time,you should check what you have written.

According to American law, if someone is accused of a crime, he is considered ___26___ until the court proves the person is guilty.
To arrest a person, the police have to be reasonably sure that a crime has been ___27___. The police must give the suspect the reasons why they arc arresting him and tell him his rights under the law. Then the police take the suspect to the police station, where the name of the person and the ___28___ against him arc formally listed.
The next step is for the suspect to go before a judge. The judge decides whether the suspect should be kept in jail or ___29___. If the suspect has no previous criminal record and the judge feels that he will return to court ___30___ run away. he can go free. Otherwise, the suspect must put up bail(保释金). At this time, too, the judge will ___31___ a court lawyer to defend the suspect if he can’t afford one.
The suspect returns to court a week or two later. A lawyer from the district attorney’s office presents a case against the suspect. The attorney may present ___32___ as well as witnesses. The judge then decides whether there is enough reason to ___33___.
The American justice system is very complex and sometimes operates slowly. However, every step is ___34___ to protect the rights of the people. These individual rights are the ___35___ of the American government.


Part III Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)
Section A

Directions: In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to select one word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank following the passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices. Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bank more than once.

Questions 36 to 45 are based on the following passage.

Global warming is a trend toward warmer conditions around the world. Part of the warming is natural; we have experienced a 20,000 -year -long warming as the last ice age ended and the ice 36 away. However, we have already reached temperatures that are in 37 with other minimum-ice periods, so continued warming is likely not natural. We are 38 to a predicted worldwide increase in temperatures 39 between 1℃ and 6℃ over the next 100 years. The warming will be more 40 in some areas, less in others, and some places may even cool off. Likewise, the 41 of this warming will be very different depending on where you are—coastal areas must worry about rising sea levels, while Siberia and northern Canada may become more habitable (宜居的) and 42 for humans than these areas are now.
The fact remains, however, that it will likely get warmer, on 43 , everywhere. Scientists are in general agreement that the warmer conditions we have been experiencing are at least in part the result of a human-induced global warming trend. Some scientists 44 that the changes we are seeing fall within the range of random (无规律的) variation—some years are cold, others warm, and we have just had an unremarkable string of warm years 45 —but that is becoming an increasingly rare interpretation in the face of continued and increasing warm conditions.


A) appealing
B) average
C) contributing
D) dramatic
E) frequently
F) impact
G) line
H) maintain
I) melted
J) persist
K) ranging
L) recently
M) resolved
N) sensible
O) shock

Section B
Directions: In this section, you are going to read a passage with ten statements attached to it. Each statement contains information given in one of the paragraphs Identify the paragraph from which the information is derived. You may choose a paragraph more than once. Each paragraph is marked with a letter. Answer the questions by marking the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2.

The End of the Book?

The question of whether our government should promote science and technology or the liberal arts in higher education isn’t an either/or proposition(命题),although the current emphasis on preparing young Americans for STEM(science, technology, engineering, maths)-related fields can make it seem that way.

The latest congressional report acknowledges the critical importance of technical training, but also asserts that the study of the humanities (人文学科)and social sciences must remain central components of America’s educational system at all levels. Both are critical to producing citizens who can participate effectively in our democratic society, become innovative(创新的)leaders, and benefit from the spiritual enrichment that the reflection on the great ideas of mankind over time provides.

Parents and students who have invested heavily in higher education worry about graduates’ job prospects as technological advances and changes in domestic and global markets transform professions in ways that reduce wages and cut jobs. Under these circumstances, it’s natural to look for what may appear to be the most “practical” way out of the problem “Major in a subject designed to get you a job” seems the obvious answer to some, though this ignores the fact that many disciplines in the humanities characterized as “soft” often, in fact, lead to employment and success in the long run. Indeed, according to surveys, employers have expressed a preference for students who have received a broadly-based education that has taught them to write well, think critically, research creatively, and communicate easily.

Moreover, students should be prepared not just for their first job, but for their 4th and 5th jobs, as there’s little reason to doubt that people entering the workforce today will be called upon to play many different roles over the course of their careers. The ones who will do the best in this new environment will be those whose educations have prepared them to be flexible. The ability to draw upon every available tool and insight—picked up from science, arts, and technology—to solve the problems of the future, and take advantage of the opportunities that present themselves, will be helpful to them and the United States.


56. What does the latest congressional report suggest?
A) STEM-related subjects help students find jobs in the information society.
B) The humanities and STEM subjects should be given equal importance.
C) The liberal arts in higher education help enrich students’ spiritual life.
D) Higher education should be adjusted to the practical needs of society.

57. What is the main concern of students when they choose a major?
A) Their interest in relevant subjects.
B) The academic value of the courses.
C) The quality of education to receive.
D) Their chances of getting a good job.

58. What does the author say about the so called soft subjects?
A) The benefit students in their future life.
B) They broaden students’ range of interests.
C) They improve students’ communication skills.
D) They are essential to students’ healthy growth.

59. What kind of job applicants do employers look for?
A) Those who have a strong sense of responsibility.
B) Those who are good at solving practical problems.
C) Those who are likely to become innovative leaders.
D) Those who have received a well-rounded education.

60. What advice does the author give to college students?
A) Seize opportunities to tap their potential.
B) Try to take a variety of practical courses.
C) Prepare themselves for different job options.
D) Adopt a flexible approach to solving problems.

Passage Two

Questions 61 to 65 are based on the following passage.

Energy independence. It has a nice ring to it. Doesn’t it? If you think so, you’re not alone, because energy independence has been the dream of American president for decades, and never more so than in the past few years, when the most recent oil price shock has been partly responsible for kicking off the great recession.

“Energy independence” and its rhetorical (修辞的) companion “energy security” are, however, slippery concepts that are rarely though through. What is it we want independence from, exactly?

Most people would probably say that they want to be independent from imported oil. But there are reasons that we buy all that old from elsewhere.

The first reason is that we need it to keep our economy running. Yes, there is a trickle(涓涓细流)of biofuel(生物燃料)available, and more may become available, but most biofuels cause economic waste and environmental destruction.

Second, Americans have basically decided that they don’t really want to produce all their own oil. They value the environmental quality they preserve over their oil imports from abroad. Vast areas of the United States are off-limits to oil exploration and production in the name of environmental protection. To what extent are Americans really willing to endure the environmental impacts of domestic energy production in order to cut back imports?

Third, there are benefits to trade. It allows for economic efficiency, and when we buy things from places that have lower production costs than we do, we benefit. And although you don’t read about this much, the United States is also a large exporter of oil products, selling about 2 million barrels of petroleum products per day to about 90 countries.

There is no question that the United States imports a great deal of energy and, in fact, relies on that steady flow to maintain its economy. When that flow is interrupted, we feel the pain in short supplies and higher prices, At the same time, we derive massive economic benefits when we buy the most affordable energy on the world market and when we engage in energy trade around the world.


61. What does the author say about energy independence for America?
A) It sounds very attractive. C) It will bring oil prices down.
B) It ensures national security. D) It has long been everyone’s dream.

62. What does the author think of biofuels?
A) They keep America’s economy running healthily.
B) They prove to be a good alternative to petroleum.
C) They do not provide a sustainable energy supply.
D) They cause serious damage to the environment.

63. Why does America rely heavily on oil imports?
A) It wants to expand its storage of crude oil.
B) Its own oil reserves are quickly running out.
C) It wants to keep its own environment intact.
D) Its own oil production falls short of demand.

64. What does the author say about oil trade?
A) It proves profitable to both sides. C) It makes for economic prosperity.
B) It improves economic efficiency. D) It saves the cost of oil exploration.

65. What is the author’s purpose in writing the passage?
A) To justify America’s dependence on oil imports.
B) To arouse Americans’ awareness of the energy crisis.
C) To stress the importance of energy conservation.
D) To explain the increase of international oil trade.


Part Ⅳ Translation (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English. You should write your answer on Answer Sheet 2.





Part Ⅰ Writing

Culture Square

I am excited to hear that you are coming to visit my campus and cannot wait to express my welcome. Hereby I’d like to recommend the Culture Square on the campus to you,which is of great interest and enjoyment to give it a try.
The Culture Square is the heaven for students where you can see colorful activities organized to add extra pleasure to students monotonous routine.Besides, you are always free to engage yourself in any of these aactivities that fascinate you. I am quite confident that you’ll find it beneficial to communicate and interact with other students. Moreover, as a major of the campus culture, the Culture Square offers whoever wants to get an insight into the campus an opportunity to know better the campus culture.
In a word, the Culture Square, a world full of vigor and vitality, a window through which you can get a big picture of the campus, is definitely a place worth visiting. I’m sure you’ll have fun.Look forward to seeing you soon in the Culture Square.

Part Ⅱ Listening Comprehension


26. innocent
27. committed
28. charges
29. released
30. rather than
31. appoint
32. evidence
33. hold a trail
34. designed
35. foundation

Part III Reading Comprehension

Section A


Section B


Section C


Part IV Translation

Chinese educators have long known that reading is of great importance to a nation. Some of them even proposed to establish the National Reading Day in 2003. They emphasized that people should read good books, especially the classic ones. By reading, people can better learn to be grateful, responsible and cooperative, the very basic qualities education intends to foster. Reading is especially important for students in the primary school and middle school; if the interest of reading is not fostered at that critical period, it will be quite difficult to cultivate the habit of reading later.